ISSN: 2617-3255

Image & Text online visual culture journal

Image&Text: ABOUT

Image & Text has been published annually since 1992 (primarily as a journal for design) and was accredited by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training in 1997. Since 2011, it has been repositioned as a multi- and interdisciplinary journal that orbits around the nexus of visual culture and appears twice annually. The aim of the journal is to draw perspectives from a broad field of interests and subjects: visual anthropology, material culture, visual arts, design culture, visualising sciences and technologies, art history, philosophy, fashion, media and film studies, architecture, literary studies, tourism studies, new media and cyber theory, and so forth.

The grounding provided by visual culture studies as a comparative and enabling premise for all these approaches, subjects, interests, fields and theories is located in the global South, not only geographically but also critically.

Papers are invited that address or intersect with the visual from any of the fields mentioned above. One of the aims of the journal is to showcase new and young academic voices, as well as more established researchers.

Editorial Team

Fatima Cassim (Co-editor)
Fatima Cassim holds a Masters degree in Information Design and has been working at the Department of Visual Arts in different capacities since 2006. She was awarded the 2012-2013 Harvard South African Fellowship, during which time she was a Student at Harvard’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. Currently, as a full-time member of staff at the Department of Visual Arts, she heads the Information Design division at the Department. She teaches both practical and theoretical Information Design related subjects at undergraduate level and also provides research supervision to postgraduate students. In addition, she serves as an adjudicator on a number of national and international design competitions and awards schemes. Fatima’s research focuses on the culture of design; in particular, she is interested in design activism and the possible impact it may have on design citizenship. When she is not being an academic, she tries to exercise creative muscle by running around the globe.

Rory du Plessis (Co-editor)
Rory du Plessis is a full-time lecturer in Visual Culture Studies at the Department of Visual Arts, University of Pretoria. He completed his BA (Visual Studies) (cum laude), BA (Hons) Visual Studies (cum laude) and MPhil (Philosophy and Ethics of Mental Health) (cum laude) at the University of Pretoria. Previously, he has worked as the National co-ordinator for the Southern African Sexual Health Association (SASHA) as well as a researcher at the Institute for Womens and Gender Studies, University of Pretoria. His research interests pertain to the representation of sexuality in South African popular media as well as the history and philosophy of mental illness.

Audrey Bennett
Audrey Grace Bennett is a tenured Associate Professor of Graphics in the Department of Communication and Media at Rensselaer, New York, a 1997 College Art Association Professional Development Fellow, and a Fellow of the Communication Research Institute in Australia. Her interests include theory and research on images across media, disciplines, and cultures. Funding for her research is through Rensselaer, the Society for Technical Communication, National Science Foundation, Google and AIGA, the professional association for design. Her monograph, Engendering interaction with images, appeared 2012 by Intellect Books (Chicago University Press). The chapter she penned, ‘The rise of research in graphic design’, introduced the collection she edited titled Design studies: Theory and research in graphic design (Princeton Architectural Press). She is co-editor of the Icograda Design Education Manifesto 2011 and founder of GLIDE, a biennial virtual conference on global interaction in design education. She was an Andrew W Mellon Distinguished Scholar at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, in 2015.

Benita de Robillard
Benita de Robillard is lecturer in the Wits School of Arts at the University of the Witwatersrand where she teaches courses informed by interdisciplinary critical and cultural theories. Her current research projects explore the nomadic meshings of sexualities, socialities and politics in the post-apartheid milieu. These explorations are located within a critical system constituted through the assemblage of feminist, queer and cripqueer theories with critical animal studies and somatechnics. For recent publications please refer to

Beschara Karam
Beschara Karam is an Associate Professor in Communication Science at the University of South Africa. After specialising in philosophy at the then University of Natal, she went to work for Anant Singh at his film production company, Videovision. Later, she was asked to co-write the White Paper on Film for the newly established government in 1996, which started her off on a new passion and academic path: film. She wrote her PhD on William Kentridge’s Drawings for Projection series, using traumatology and memory studies to frame her critique of his animations. She currently serves on the Advisory Board of the Journal of African Security, Peace, and Tolerance Studies. Beschara has published widely on Kentridge; film (production, criticism, theory); representation; censorship; and gender, and has presented extensively, both nationally and internationally, on film; traumatology; transmedia; video games; post-colonialism; political communication; and New Queer Theory. Her latest project looks to the marrying of Gilles Deleuze, Slajov Žižek and South African film; with a second project focusing on problematising post-feminism and film.

Ruth Lipschitz
Ruth Lipschitz has lectured in History of Art at the University of the Witwatersrand (WITS), the University of South Africa (UNISA), and Stellenbosch University, and was a visiting tutor in Visual Cultures at Goldsmiths, University of London. Recently awarded a PhD in Philosophy (2014 Goldsmiths, University of London), her postdoctoral research engages deconstruction and psychoanalysis in order to pursue the intersectional operations of race, sex, gender and species in postapartheid South African visual culture.

Mugendi K M’Rithaa
Mugendi M’Rithaa is an industrial designer, educator and researcher who lectures at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, where he is an Associate Professor. He holds postgraduate qualifications in Industrial Design, Higher Education, and Universal Design. He is passionate about various expressions of socially (responsive and) responsible design, including Participatory Design; Universal Design; and Design for Sustainability. He has a special interest in design for development on the African continent and is associated with a number of international networks focusing on design within industrially developing/majority world contexts. He is currently serving a second term on the executive board of the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design.

Kyle Rath (Design & layout)
Kyle holds a MA degree in Information Design. He primarily lectures undergraduate and postgraduate Information Design students in the Department of Visual Arts, University of Pretoria. Kyle has a particular passion for typographic and editorial design, although he also works extensively in broadcast design, motion graphics and branding. He completed his Masters degree in 2016, which explores the relationship between iconic design and experiential form in the selection and application of type. His particular field of interest therefore lies in typography and how it is mediated and interpreted as both a linguistic and non-linguistic design tool in contemporary, popular culture.

Martine van der Walt Ehlers
Martine van der Walt Ehlers is a lecturer in Media Studies at the Department of Communication Science, University of South Africa. She completed her BA Languages (Journalism), BA (Hons) Visual Studies (cum laude) and MA Visual Studies at the University of Pretoria. Previously, she has worked as contract lecturer in the Department of Visual Arts, University of Pretoria and researcher at the Institute for Gender Studies, University of South Africa. Her research interests include feminism, particularly postfeminism, and the representation of gender in various forms of popular culture.

Advisory Panel

Rory Bester
Rory Bester is Head of History of Art at Wits University, and co-curator of Rise and Fall of Apartheid: Photography and the Bureaucracy of Everyday Life. He is also art advisor to the South African Reserve Bank.

Deirdre Byrne
Deirdre Byrne is a Professor of English Studies in the Department of English at the University of South Africa, Pretoria. Her research interests are gender, feminist literary theory and criticism, and speculative fiction (science fiction, fantasy and any creative use of the usual conventions of realistic narrative). Recently she has worked on the liminal status of national and cultural identities.

Steven Dubin
Steven Dubin is Professor of Arts Administration and Research Affiliate of the Institute of African Studies at Columbia University in New York. He is the author of Bureaucratizing the Muse (1987); Arresting Images (1992, cited as a Notable Book of the Year by The New York Times); Displays of power: memory and amnesia in the American museum (1999); Mounting Queen Victoria: curating social change (2009) and Spearheading debate: culture wars and uneasy truces (2012). Professor Dubin’s awards include the Fulbright-Hays Research Fellowship to South Africa, Fulbright Senior Specialist award to Iceland, Chancellor’s Award/Excellence in Scholarship and Creative Activities, The Lady Davis Visiting Professorship at Hebrew University (Jerusalem), and writing residencies at Bellagio (Italy), The Ragdale Foundation (Illinois), and Advisory board Number 25, 2015 ISSN 1020 1497 312 The Ucross Foundation (Wyoming). He has written and lectured widely on censorship, controversial art, museums, and popular culture, and is a frequent contributor to publications such as Art in America and Art South Africa. He has been working and travelling throughout Southern Africa for the past eleven years. Most recently, he has curated an exhibition of portraits produced by a 'nonwhite' photo studio in Pietermaritzburg during the 1970s and 1980s: "Developing characters: contending cultures & creative commerce in a South African photography studio" was shown in Johannesburg, Pietermaritzburg and Cape Town during 2013 and 2014.

Paul Duncum
Paul Duncum is Professor of Art Education, School of Art and Design, University of Illinois, Champaign Urbana, USA. A former graphic designer and art and design high school teacher, he obtained his doctorate from The Flinders University of South Australia and taught at several Australian universities prior to his present position. He is widely published in art education journals in the areas of his research and teaching, which include children’s drawings, images of children, popular culture, visual culture and art education. His work is principally informed by Cultural Studies. He is a life member of Art Education, Australia and a member of the Council for Policy Studies in Art Education. He is the editor of the 2006 NAEA publication Visual culture in the art class: case studies, and a leading advocate of the visual culture movement within art education.

Pieter Fourie
Pieter J Fourie is an emeritus professor and research fellow in Communication Science at the University of South Africa. He is the author of a number of books on media studies, the editor of the accredited journal Communicatio: South African Journal for Communication Theory and Research, a former president of the South African Communication Association, and a National Research Foundation rated researcher. He serves on a number of national and international editorial boards and scientific committees. He has published various accredited research articles, contributions to books, and conference papers on topics ranging from media semiotics and pictorial communication to normative media theory and philosophy, media and society, and the political economy of the media. He was awarded the South African Academy of Science and Arts’ Stals Prize for his contribution to the development of Communication Science in South Africa. In September 2014 he was awarded lifelong fellowship of the South African Communication Association (SACOMM) in recognition of his contribution to Communication Science in South Africa.

Ian Glenn
Ian Glenn is Emeritus Professor and former Director of the Centre for Film and Media Studies at the University of Cape Town. After studies in English at the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal and York in England, he did an MA and PhD at the University of Pennsylvania, with a dissertation on mystical experience in the poetry of TS Eliot and Wallace Stevens. He joined UCT as a lecturer in English and was head of English before moving to the new Centre for Film and Media Studies. He has published widely on African and South African literature and on South African media. He has a particular interest in the French traveller and ornithologist Francois Le Vaillant and curated “The King’s Map” in the Iziko South African Museum in 2012-13. This exhibition had as centre-piece a lavishly illustrated and never before exhibited map based on Le Vaillant’s travels that was produced for Louis XVI. Glenn is currently working on a history of South African wildlife documentaries with colleagues from the Universities of Oxford and the Witwatersrand.

Amy Kirschke
Amy Kirschke is Professor of Art History, and chair of the Art and Art History Department at UNCW. She is the author of Women Artists of the Harlem Renaissance (Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2014), Protest and Propaganda; DuBois, The Crisis and American History, Amy Kirschke and Phil Sinitiere, co-editors (University of Missouri Press, 2014), Art in Crisis: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Struggle for African American Identity and Memory (Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2007) (SECAC BOOK AWARD for excellence in research and writing, 2007), Aaron Douglas: Art, Race and the Harlem Renaissance (Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 1995). Kirschke is currently working on a book on Romare Bearden's political cartoons of the 1930s.

Annette Kuhn
Annette Kuhn is Emeritus Professor in Film Studies at Queen Mary University of London and a longstanding co-editor of the journal Screen. She has published widely in the areas of cultural theory, visual culture, film history and cultural memory, with authored books including Family secrets: acts of memory and imagination (1995 and 2002); An everyday magic: cinema and cultural memory (2002); Ratcatcher (2008); and (with Guy Westwell) The Oxford Dictionary of Film Studies (2012). Her most recent book is Little Madnesses: Winnicott, Transitional Phenomena and Cultural Experience (2013).

Jacques Lange
Jacques Lange is partner and creative director at Bluprint Design, publisher and editor of DESIGN> and, and part-time lecturer in Information Design and Visual Communication at the University of Pretoria. Throughout his career Jacques has actively engaged in design practice, profession management, education, research, design promotion, policy advocacy and design journalism. His professional output has earned him many industry awards and his work has been featured in numerous international publications and exhibitions. He is an experienced industry juror, widely published author and speaker on design issues internationally. He is a past president of the International Council of Communication Design (Icograda, 2007-2009), founding co-chair of the International Design Alliance (IDA, 2005-2007), and advisor to various governmental institutions and NGOs. His research interests include the creative economy, talent mobility and creative diaspora, design policy, profession management, and contemporary design from lesserknown regions. Jacques is also one of the founders of Image & Text.

Jenni Lauwrens
Jenni Lauwrens teaches in the Visual Studies division in the Department of Visual Arts at the University of Pretoria. She teaches from first year to Masters level students visual culture studies, research methodologies and key texts in visual culture. Jenni has published in local and international publications on the relationship between visual culture studies and art history. Her research interests include the aims and protocols of visual culture studies and art history, art education, art historiography, spectatorship, embodiment, phenomenology, neuro-art history, neuro-aesthetics and practices of seeing. Her PhD deals with the historical and theoretical implications of the viewer’s particular forms of embodiment.

Victor Margolin
Victor Margolin is Professor Emeritus of Design History at the University of Illinois, Chicago. He is a founding editor and now co-editor of the academic design journal Design Issues. Professor Margolin has published widely on diverse design topics and lectured at conferences, universities, and art schools in many parts of the world. Books that he has written, edited, or co-edited include Propaganda: the art of persuasion, WW II, The struggle for utopia: Rodchenko, Lissitzky, Moholy-Nagy, 1917- 1936, Design discourse, Discovering design, The idea of design, The politics of the artificial: essays on design and design studies, and Culture is everywhere: the Museum of Corn-temporary Art. The first two of three volumes of his World History of Design will be published in 2015 by Bloomsbury in London.

Nicholas Mirzoeff
Nicholas Mirzoeff is a Professor of Media, Culture and Communication at New York University, New York. After more than a decade of writing about and teaching visual culture, most recently at SUNY Stonybrook, Mirzoeff decided to join the Department of Art and Art Professions in order to create a cross-departmental and cross-disciplinary visual culture program. The new program in visual culture also signals the primacy of the visual image, he believes, which affects our lives to a greater and greater extent each day. Mirzoeff’s recent book, Watching Babylon: The war in Iraq and global visual culture, enlarges upon this intriguing notion. His first book, Silent poetry: deafness, sign and visual culture in modern France, was about sign language and its relationship to painting. Mirzoeff is also the author of An introduction to visual culture.

Georges Pfruender
Georges Pfruender is a Swiss national who has spent a significant amount of time living abroad in Africa, Asia, America and the Middle East. He received his Master of Fine Arts from San Francisco Art Institute in 1991. While continuing to produce his own body of work, for the past decade he had also been Director of the Fine Arts University Ecole Cantonale d’Art du Valais, Switzerland, President of the Swiss National Board of Art and Design. Vice President of the Swiss UNESCO Commission, and since 2009, Head of the School of Arts at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. As artist and researcher he has participated in conferences, panels and residency programs in Europe, USA, South Africa, Venezuela, and Taiwan, and is presently involved in projects engaging artists in migrant communities of the inner city of Johannesburg. At the Wits School of Arts he has been responsible for the coordination of arts programs at undergraduate and postgraduate levels (MFA, PhD) concerning the disciplines of music, drama, fine arts, film and TV, digital arts and cultural theories.

Annette Pritchard
Annette Pritchard is Professor of Critical Tourism Studies and Director of the Welsh Centre for Tourism Research at Cardiff Metropolitan University. Annette has a long-standing interest in the relationships between places, representations and identities and she has published 15 books and over 40 papers on these connectivities. Much of her work is driven by a commitment to transformative research and she is one of the originators of the hopeful tourism agenda and co-chair of the biannual Critical Tourism Studies Conference Series. Annette was formerly Convenor of the Leisure Studies editorial board and her current editorial responsibilities include serving as joint Research Notes Editor of the Annals of Tourism Research. She is also an advisory board member of the Copenhagen Business School’s Creative Industries Research Centre and a regular invited speaker at events and conferences.

Marian Sauthoff
Marian Sauthoff retired as Executive Dean of the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture at the University of Johannesburg in 2013. Prior to this, she was professor and head of the Department of Visual Arts and also chaired the School of Arts at the University of Pretoria. She completed her master’s (cum laude) and doctoral degrees through the University of Pretoria. Prof Sauthoff is the founding editor of the accredited journal Image & Text: A Journal for Design, which she edited from 1992 to 2010. She has also served on the editorial board and as guest editor of a number of international journals. She has published extensively in her field of expertise and regularly acts as a peer referee for articles and conference papers. She has served as a member of advisory boards to industry and government and as an adjudicator for national and international design awards. Her career includes design consultancy and a period as a senior researcher at the Chamber of Mines.

Annie van de Oever
Annie van den Oever is Extraordinary Professor for Film and Visual Media at the Faculty of Humanities, University of the Free State, South Africa. She is also director of the Film Archive and director of the Master in Film Studies at the Department of Arts, Culture and Media, Faculty of Arts, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. She is an editor of several academic journals and book series in her field, among them: board member of Film and Media, Amsterdam University Press (since 2003); series editor of The key debates: mutations and appropriations in European film studies, with Ian Christie (Birkbeck College, London), and Dominique Chateau (Paris I, Sorbonne Number 25, 2015 ISSN 1020 1497 317 Panthéon); chief editor of the new educational books series for Film and Media studies (since 2011), and Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal for Media Studies NECSus (since 2011). Her last two books are Ostrannenie and Sensitizing the viewers, both published at Amsterdam University Press.

Jeanne van Eeden
Jeanne van Eeden taught art history and visual culture in the Department of Visual Arts at the University of Pretoria since 1990 and became Professor and Head of the Department in 2007 and served two terms until February 2015. She retired from UP in 2017 and is an Emeritus Professor. She obtained a DPhil in Communication from the University of South Africa on the South African theme park, The Lost City, in 1999. She is the co-editor of the book South African visual culture (2005) and has contributed chapters to British, German, American and South African books and is a National Research Foundation rated researcher. She was assistant editor of Image Text from 1992 to 2006, co-editor from 2007 to 2010 and editor from then until 2017. She also serves on the editorial board of the South African academic journal de Arte. She has published on topics related to gender, post-colonialism and cultural representation; entertainment landscapes; South African tourism images; and social spatialisation in South African visual culture.

Design & Layout
Kyle Rath 

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